The Senate Agriculture Committee will hold a meeting on the farm bill today (June 13). Here’s a look at what’s in the bill.
Title I – Commodities
- Producers are required to make a new election to obtain Price Loss Coverage or Agriculture Risk Coverage County on a covered-commodity-by-covered-commodity basis, or Agriculture Risk Coverage Individual for the 2019 for 2023 crop years. If all producers on a farm fail to make a unanimous election, payments are prohibited for the 2019 crop year and Agriculture Risk Coverage County is selected for 2020 through 2023 crop years.
- Transition assistance for producers of upland cotton is repealed.
- Current law is extended for annual sugar estimates and flexible marketing allotments.
- The Margin Protection Program for dairy is replaced with Dairy Risk Coverage. There are coverage discounts for dairy operations with a production history that is not greater than 2 million pounds and between 2 million and 10 million pounds.
- Unweaned livestock that have not been vaccinated are allowed coverage under the Livestock Indemnity Program.
Title II – Conservation
- The Conservation Reserve Program is extended through FY2023. The enrollment cap is raised to 25 million acres and enrollment requirements are modified.
- The Farmable Wetland Program is extended through 2023.
- The Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program applies to 15% of continuous acres. Existing CREP agreements are not impacted, but can be modified.
- The Conservation Stewardship Program is authorized through 2023. The acreage enrollment limit is 8.797 million acres through Sept. 30, 2027.
- The Environmental Quality Incentives Program is extended through FY2023. At least 50% of the funds are to be used for practices related to livestock production, including grazing.
- A soil health demonstration pilot project is authorized, with $15 million annually to carry out the pilot.
- The Conservation Security Program is repealed.
Title III – Trade
- Funding for food aid quality activities under the Food for Peace Act is authorized.
- The Market Access Program, the Foreign Market Development Cooperator Program, the E. (Kika) De La Garza Agricultural Fellowship Program and Technical Assistance for Specialty Crops are consolidated to create a new Priority Trade Promotion, Development and Assistance program.
- The McGovern-Dole program is reauthorized.
Title IV- Nutrition
- Consolidates the work requirements for the supplemental nutrition assistance program.
Title V- Credit
- State agricultural mediation programs are reauthorized through 2023.
Title VI- Rural Development
- Rural Business Development Grants are authorized at $65 million per year from 2019 through 2023.
Title VII – Research
- The National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education and Economics Advisory Board is reauthorized.
- A next generation agriculture technology challenge competition is established.
- The Rangeland Research Program is repealed.
Title IX – Energy
- The Rural Energy for America Program is authorized for $50 million per year 2019-2023.
Title X – Horticulture
- The Organic Production and Market Data Initiatives are reauthorized through FY2023.
- Specialty Crop Block Grants are reauthorized through FY2023.
Source: Senate Agriculture Committee